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Updated: Jul 17, 2018 04:09 PM CDT

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AUSTIN (KXAN) — If Democratic candidates lose in November, it won't be for lack of resources. Seven congressional candidates out-raisedthe Republican andincumbentthey're running against. They join BetoO'Rourke, the Senate candidate who's pulling in historic levels of money for the minority party in Texas.

Political experts say anger at President Trump gets Democratic voters to open up their wallets just like President Obama did to Republican voters in 2010.

Federal races have a $2,700 individual contribution limit.

Below are the Democratic Candidates who out-raised their opponents in Quarter 2:

District 7: District 21: District 22: District 23: District 25: District 31: District 32:

The numbers validate work done by the democratic party earlier in the cycle. For the first time in years, the Texas Democratic Party filed candidates against nearly every Republican on the ballot. So for the first time in years, democratic donors have candidates to donate to.

"They see that as a check on Trump and really see that as sending a message that we want something different," saidExecutive Director of the Texas Democratic PartyCrystal Kay Perkins, "From the beginning of this cycle, we knew that we needed to fill the ballot. We wanted to make sure that we had democrats competing on every level."

"Having an antagonist in the White House definitely favors Democrats in the way that Barak Obama motivated Republicans in his tenure. The reality is anger is a much better motivator than contentment," saidJoshua Blank from the Texas Politics Project. "Democrats actually see their money being valuable if it's spent in Texas. That's what somewhat notable this time around."

"It's not to say this cycle is going to be competitive," Blank said. "But if it's not competitive, it's not because the Democrats don't have the resources to make it so."

Republicans still have an extremely large fundraising advantage over Democrats on a state level.

Governor Abbott just spent $16 million on TV ads for the November election. After that, he still has 130 times as much as his Democratic opponent, Sheriff Lupe Valdez. Valdez has $222,000 to spend until November.

The same is true for Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, who has millions more than his Democratic opponent, Mike Collier.

KXAN reached out to the Republican Party of Texas for this reportand has not received a response so far.

Local democratic candidates celebrated their numbers.

“The thousands of people who are supporting our campaign show that it is time to show the door to politicians who caremore about campaign donors and political parties than protecting our country,""MJ"Hegartold KXAN.

Create a text file called G:\anki.bat with the following text:

If you would like to prevent the black command prompt window from remaining open, you can instead use:

Double-clicking on anki.bat should start Anki with the user data stored in G:\ankidata.

Each time your collection is closed (when closing Anki, switching profiles, or synchronizing your deck), Anki exports your collection into the backups folder. By default Anki will store up to 30 backups; you can adjust this in the Nice Buy Cheap Store Lardini Blue and black checked suit Free Shipping Latest Rl42ATw7t

Automatic backups do not protect against disk or computer failure, and do not extend to your media. To keep your collections safe, please consider making manual backups too.

The easiest way to make a manual backup is to use the File>Export menu item to export all decks with scheduling and media information included, which will save your data to an .apkg/.colpkg file.

If you want to back up multiple profiles and your add-ons as well, you can make a complete copy of your Buy Cheap From China Purchase Cheap Saint Laurent Mohairblend Sweater Red YrMHvCjl
. Please make sure you close Anki first, as backups may be corrupt if run while Anki is open.

To restore from an automatic backup:

First create a copy of your backups folder, as each time you close Anki it deletes the oldest backup, and if you’re trying different backup files you could accidentally end up deleting the backup you need. To do this, locate your , and copy the entire folder somewhere safe, like your desktop.

Open Anki and the profile you want to restore. If your profile is corrupt and won’t open, you can rename the User 1/collection.anki2 file to something else to tell Anki to recreate an empty collection when you next open the profile.

With the profile open, use File>Import and import a backup from the copy of the backups folder you created on your desktop. In the file selection dialog, you can set it to detail mode using one of the icons so that the modification date is shown on each file - that will give you an idea of which backup you need.

If the backup you imported was not old enough, try an older one until you locate an appropriate one.

Anki also logs deleted notes to a text file called deleted.txt in your profile folder. These notes are in a text format that can be read by File>Import, though please note the import feature only supports a single note type at one time, so if you have deleted notes from different note types, you’ll need to split the file into separate files for each note type first.

If Anki can’t write to files in the Anki folder , a message will be displayed on startup saying that Anki can’t write to the harddisk, and Anki will close. If you’re unsure how to fix the permissions, please contact someone near you who is knowledgable about computers and can help you out.

Anki uses the system’s temporary folder to store temporary data. If the permissions of this folder have been changed from the default settings by a rogue app or buggy antivirus app, Anki will not function properly.

If you’re on a Windows 7 machine, the general steps to fix the problem are listed below. As this is somewhat complicated, please ask someone knowledgeable about Windows if you are not sure.

Click on the start bar, and type in %temp% (including the percents), then hit enter.

-- 9:30 p.m. - A second explosion occurs outside the stadium. Both blasts happen on the same street, Avenue Jules Rimet.
-- 9:53 p.m. - About 400 meters from the Stade de France, a third blast occurs on Rue de la Cokerie.
-- A total of four people are killed: three suicide bombers and a man who had been walking by.
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La Petit Cambodge and Le Carillon -- 9:25 p.m. - Gunmen, armed with assault rifles, kill 15 people at the intersection of Rue Alibert and Rue Bichat, in the 10th district of Paris. Many of the victims were gathered at Le Petit Cambodge, a restaurant, and Le Carillon, a bar.
Café Bonne Biere -- 9:32 p.m. - At the corner of Rue de la Fontaine au Roi and Rue du Faubourg du Temple in the 11th district of Paris, five people are killed in a shooting outside Café Bonne Biere.
La Belle Equipe -- 9:36 p.m. - Attackers arrive at the restaurant La Belle Equipe at 92 Rue de Charonne. Gunmen fire their assault weapons on people sitting outside the eatery. Nineteen people are killed.
Comptoir Voltaire -- 9:40 p.m. - A suicide bomber blows himself up inside the restaurant Comptoir Voltaire at 253 Boulevard Voltaire in the 11th district.
-- One person inside the restaurant is seriously injured, and several others are slightly injured.
Bataclan -- 9:40 p.m. - Three attackers armed with assault weapons arrive at the Bataclan concert hall. The gunmen enter the small concert hall and open fire as a performance is underway by the US band Eagles of Death Metal.
-- Eighty-nine people are killed.
-- 12:20 a.m. - French police storm the Bataclan. Three terrorists are killed during the police counterassault. One by police gunfire and the explosives he is wearing. The other two activate their suicide belts and are killed as police raid the concert hall.
November 13, 2015 - President Hollande declares a state of emergency after the attacks unfold.
November 14, 2015 - In an online statement distributed by supporters, ISIS claims responsibility for the attacks.
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France has been conducting airstrikes against ISIS targets since September as part of a US-led coalition, but analysts say the timing of the new airstrikes is likely not a coincidence.
November 16, 2015 - In a speech to a joint session of parliament, Hollande urges lawmakers to approve a three-month extension of the nation's state of emergency, new laws that would allow authorities to strip the citizenship from French-born terrorists and provisions making it easier to deport suspected terrorists.
November 18, 2015 - French authorities raid an apartment building in the northern Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. The apartment is a purported hideout of the suspected ringleader of the attacks. During the raid, a suicide device is detonated and bullets are exchanged for almost an hour. One floor of the building collapses, and there are three fatalities.
November 19, 2015 - It is confirmed that the body of Sempach field jacket Green Sale Clearance OnmHrdvFz
the ringleader of the Paris attacks, was found in the rubble of the apartment that was raided on November 18. A female relative of Abaaoud, Hasna Ait Boulahcen was also killed in the raid. The third person killed, who is believed to have detonated the suicide device, has not been identified.
November 20, 2015 - French Prime Minister Manuel Valls announces that the death toll has risen to 130. Additionally, he says that in the past seven days, 793 searches have been carried out across France. During these searches, 174 weapons have been seized and 107 people detained.
November 23, 2015 - In Belgium, authorities charge a suspect, arrested during raids in the last 24 hours, with participating in activities of a terrorist group in connection with the attack in Paris.
November 23, 2015 - France launches its first airstrikes from an aircraft carrier against ISIS. France now has 38 aircraft carrying out bombing raids against ISIS.
December 17, 2015 - Officials briefed on the investigation tell CNN the terrorists used encrypted apps, including Telegram and WhatsApp , to plan the attacks.
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following a gunbattle with authorities in Belgium. Four others are also arrested in the anti-terror raid.
April 8, 2016 - Suspect Mohamed Abrini is arrested in Belgium along with five other people during a police sweep.
November 8, 2016 - French officials tell CNN they have identified the suspected coordinator of the Paris terror attacks as Oussama Atar, 32. He is believed to have directed the Paris attacks and the March 22 Brussels attacks. The attacks in the Belgian capital killed 32 people and injured more than 300.
November 12, 2016 - The day before the first anniversary of the Paris terror attacks, the Bataclan reopens with a performance by Sting.
April 23, 2018 - Salah Abdeslam, the only survivor of the cell alleged to have carried out the attacks, is sentenced to 20 years over a shootout with Belgian police days before he was arrested in March 2016. He is found guilty of attempted murder in a "terrorist context," a spokesman for the Brussels prosecutor says.
Portraits of the victims can be found and here.
Abdelhamid Abaaoud: -- Deceased. Killed during the November 18th raid of an apartment building in the northern Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. -- Belgium citizen, spent time in Syria. -- Ringleader of the attacks. He directed three attackers in the Bataclan by phone from a few blocks away, according to French terrorism analyst Jean-Charles Brisard. -- Joined in 2014. He has been implicated in the planning of a number of terror attacks and conspiracies in Western Europe, notably a plot broken up in Belgium in January 2015. -- French air strikes were carried out against an ISIS training camp in Raqqa in October 2015 in an effort to kill Abaaoud, a French counterterrorism source told CNN.
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A Nature Research Journal

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Performance of a Heating Block System Designed for Studying the Heat Resistance of Bacteria in Foods

Article | Open | Published:

, Articlenumber:30758 (2016) | Download Citation

Knowledge of bacteria’s heat resistance is essential for developing effective thermal treatments. Choosing an appropriate test method is important to accurately determine bacteria’s heat resistances. Although being a major factor to influence the thermo-tolerance of bacteria, the heating rate in samples cannot be controlled in water or oil bath methods due to main dependence on sample’s thermal properties. A heating block system (HBS) was designed to regulate the heating rates in liquid, semi-solid and solid foods using a temperature controller. Distilled water, apple juice, mashed potato, almond powder and beef were selected to evaluate the HBS’s performance by experiment and computer simulation. The results showed that the heating rates of 1, 5 and 10 °C/min with final set-point temperatures and holding times could be easily and precisely achieved in five selected food materials. A good agreement in sample central temperature profiles was obtained under various heating rates between experiment and simulation. The experimental and simulated results showed that the HBS could provide a sufficiently uniform heating environment in food samples. The effect of heating rate on bacterial thermal resistance was evaluated with the HBS. The system may hold potential applications for rapid and accurate assessments of bacteria’s thermo-tolerances.

Knowledge of bacteria’s heat resistance is of great importance in developing effective food processing methods. Selection of appropriate heating parameters can effectively reduce the target microorganism populations while achieving minimal thermal impacts on food quality. In addition to growth temperatures, stages of growth, bacterial strains, sample compositions, and the pH of the heating medium, heat resistance of bacteria is mainly affected by final temperature, holding time and heating rate. Thermal death time (TDT) test is a common method to determine the heat resistance of bacteria. The device used for those TDT tests needs to meet the basic requirements, such as precisely controlled sample temperatures, a short come-up time (CUT) to avoid thermal adaptation of bacteria, and isothermal conditions for uniform sample temperature distributions. Therefore, choosing an appropriate test method is important to obtain accurate determination of bacteria’s heat resistance.

There have been many studies on TDT test devices in foods. Odlaug used aluminum tubes in a miniature retort system to study thermal destruction of spores in tomato juice. Gaze placed samples of ground meat in 0.5- to 1-mm thick sterile bags, and then immerged them in a shaking water bath. Kotrola placed turkey meat samples into a TDT sealed tube heated by a shaking oil bath. Chung designed an aluminum test cell heated in oil bath for determining the heat resistance of in selected foods. There were also studies with capillary tubes using water bath for apple juice, and glass vials with an oven-heated sand bath for crushed cocoa bean and hazelnut shells to determine the bacteria’s thermo-tolerance. Although these devices are common tools with water or oil bath for characterizing heat-resistant bacterial spores in foods, various thermo-tolerances of the same bacatria have been frequently reported from different heating methods. Foster developed a new apparatus to control sample surface temperatures during rapid heating and cooling cycles. This system used hot air and steam as the heating medium to provide a fast “dry” or “wet” heat treatment to a single food sample by setting a starting temperature, end temperature, heating time, hold time and cooling time by a user-friendly software. This system could be improved by using the sample core temperature to cover the bacteria’s resistance over the whole volume and multiple samples to accelerate the experimental process.

Heating rates have been shown to have a significant effect on thermo-tolerance of bacteria. Slow heating rates often result in enhanced heat resistance of bacteria with large -values at the same target temperatures. These differences in bacteria’s heat resistance are most likely the result of acclimation and physiological adjustment during the slower heating, most probably caused by the production of heat shock protein. However, heating rates in the above-mentioned devices are only dependent on thermal properties of devices and food materials, and could not be controlled during the experiment. The different heat resistance of has been reported by Khoo and Büchner due to using different device materials, such as glass and aluminum. The -values of at 60 °C are clearly different in 1-g and 3-g samples. Various heat resistances of the same bacteria are also reported in different food materials. The common thermal treatments, such as hot air, water, steam, radio frequency, microwave, infrared, and ohmic heating, have been widely used for pasteurization and sterilization in foods. These thermal treatments would not meet the required efficacy if developing based on the thermal death kinetic data of target bacteria under a fixed heating rate obtained from the above-mentioned devices. Therefore, designing a heating block system (HBS) to simulate the heating rates is needed in developing an effective thermal treatment to control bacteria in food using hot air/water, microwave, and radio frequency energy.

The temperature-time history in a designed HBS could be easily measured by thin thermocouples but the heating uniformity is difficult to evaluate in a small volume of the TDT cell by measurement. Computer simulation and mathematical modeling may serve as a valuable tool for rapid analysis of heating uniformity in foods. For example, Chung used FEMLAB to evaluate the performance of aluminum test cells designed for determining the heat resistance of bacterial spores in foods. Yan applied a validated computer model using COMSOL to evaluate the heating performance of the HBS for studying insect thermal death kinetics and optimizing thermal treatment conditions when modified the HBS to include controlled atmospheres. Ben-Lalli defined 2D axial-symmetric domains during both convective and microwave heating treatments, and obtained 95% accuracy between the simulated temperatures and experimental data. Huang developed a 3-D theoretical model using COMSOL to determine differential heating of insects in soybeans when subjected to radio frequency treatments. Therefore, the finite element computer simulation may provide a useful tool to analyze the heating transfer in the designed HBS and validate the performance and uniformity of the HBS.

Objectives of this study were to: (1) design a TDT HBS suitable for studying heat resistance of bacteria, (2) evaluate the performance of the HBS with five different food samples under three heating rates, (3) analyze the heating uniformity in a designed HBS by the validated simulation model using finite element software COMSOL, and (4) apply this system to investigate the thermal inactivation of at 57 °C under five heating rates.

The HBS consisted of a heating unit, a data acquisition/control unit, and a computer ( Marks and Spencer Quilted Jacket with Stormwear black Eastbay Sale Online 9sHgem
). The heating unit included top (28 cm × 28 cm × 1.6 cm) and bottom (28 cm × 30 cm × 2.4 cm) blocks, heating pads, and 6 pull-push boxes with 6 TDT cells as previously used , . The heating blocks were made of aluminum alloys with low heat capacitance (903 J/kg°C) and high thermal conductivity (234 W/m°C) to provide smooth block temperatures over the heating and holding periods , . Eight custom-made heating pads (250 W) were glued on the top and bottom block surfaces, providing a maximum heating flux density of 12000 W/m 2 . Calibrated type-T thermocouples (TMQSS-020-6, Omega Engineering Ltd., CT, USA) inserted through sensor paths were used to monitor temperatures of the top and bottom blocks, and one sample temperature in a TDT cell. Heating rate (0.1 to 13.3 °C/min) and the set-point temperature (maximum of 120 °C) were controlled by the Visual Basic software via a solid-state relay. Two proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers (I32, Omega Engineering, Inc., Stamford, CT, USA) regulated the two block surface temperatures separately.

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